• The author presents a unified treatment of this highly interdisciplinary topic to help define the notion of cognitive radio. The book begins with addressing issues such as the fundamental system concept and basic mathematical tools such as spectrum sensing and machine learning, before moving on to more advanced concepts and discussions about the future of cognitive radio. From the fundamentals in spectrum sensing to the applications of cognitive algorithms to radio communications, and discussion of radio platforms and testbeds to show the applicability of the theory to practice, the author aims to provide an introduction to a fast moving topic for students and researchers seeking to develop a thorough understanding of cognitive radio networks. Examines basic mathematical tools before moving on to more advanced concepts and discussions about the future of cognitive radio Describe the fundamentals of cognitive radio, providing a step by step treatment of the topics to enable progressive learning Includes questions, exercises and suggestions for extra reading at the end of each chapter Topics covered in the book include: Spectrum Sensing: Basic Techniques; Cooperative Spectrum Sensing Wideband Spectrum Sensing; Agile Transmission Techniques: Orthogonal Frequency Division Multiplexing Multiple Input Multiple Output for Cognitive Radio; Convex Optimization for Cognitive Radio; Cognitive Core (I): Algorithms for Reasoning and Learning; Cognitive Core (II): Game Theory; Cognitive Radio Network IEEE 802.22: The First Cognitive Radio Wireless Regional Area Network Standard, and Radio Platforms and Testbeds.
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  • A comprehensive treatment of cognitive radio networks and the specialized techniques used to improve wireless communications The human brain, as exemplified by cognitive radar, cognitive radio, and cognitive computing, inspires the field of Cognitive Dynamic Systems. In particular, cognitive radio is growing at an exponential rate. Fundamentals of Cognitive Radio details different aspects of the human brain and provides examples of how it can be mimicked by cognitive dynamic systems. The text offers a communication-theoretic background, including information on resource allocation in wireless networks and the concept of robustness. The authors provide a thorough mathematical background with data on game theory, variational inequalities, and projected dynamic systems. They then delve more deeply into resource allocation in cognitive radio networks. The text investigates the dynamics of cognitive radio networks from the perspectives of information theory, optimization, and control theory. It also provides a vision for the new world of wireless communications by integration of cellular and cognitive radio networks. This groundbreaking book: Shows how wireless communication systems increasingly use cognition to enhance their networks Explores how cognitive radio networks can be viewed as spectrum supply chain networks Derives analytic models for two complementary regimes for spectrum sharing (open-access and market-driven) to study both equilibrium and disequilibrium behaviors of networks Studies cognitive heterogeneous networks with emphasis on economic provisioning for resource sharing Introduces a framework that addresses the issue of spectrum sharing across licensed and unlicensed bands aimed for Pareto optimality Written for students of cognition, communication engineers, telecommunications professionals, and others, Fundamentals of Cognitive Radio offers a new generation of ideas and provides a fresh way of thinking about cognitive techniques in order to improve radio networks.
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  • Software radio ideally provides the opportunity to communicate with any radio communication standard by modifying only the software, without any modification to hardware components. However, taking into account the static behavior of current communications protocols, the spectrum efficiency optimization, and flexibility, the radio domain has become an important factor. From this thinking appeared the cognitive radio paradigm. This evolution is today inescapable in the modern radio communication world. It provides an autonomous behavior to the equipment and therefore the adaptation of communication parameters to better match their needs. This collective work provides engineers, researchers and radio designers with the necessary information from mathematical analysis and hardware architectures to design methodology and tools, running platforms and standardization in order to understand this new cognitive radio domain.
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  • Cognitive Radio for Dynamic Spectrum Access gives a comprehensive overview of the main concepts behind radio spectrum regulation, dynamic spectrum access and cognitive radio. Spectrum measurements are introduced to illustrate the inefficiencies in today’s spectrum usage and the book also discusses enablers for horizontal and vertical spectrum sharing. Among others a game-theory-based approach for spectrum sharing is described and evaluated. Institution and standardisation approaches in academic research and industry are highlighted including IEEE SCC41, 802.11k/n/s/y and 802.22 which lead towards commercial exploitation of cognitive radio. In conclusion, this book looks at the initial steps towards the vision of true cognitive radio and the potential impact on telecommunication business. Introduces the benefits and challenges of cognitive radio Presents cognitive radio in research and industry and covers implications for operators from the perspective of a telecom operator Examines how cognitive radio techniques will considerably change the wireless communication market.
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  • This book focuses on green networking, which is an important topic for the scientific community composed of engineers, academics, researchers and industrialists working in the networking field. Reducing the environmental impact of the communications infrastructure has become essential with the ever increasing cost of energy and the need for reducing global CO2 emissions to protect our environment. Recent advances and future directions in green networking are presented in this book, including energy efficient networks (wired networks, wireless networks, mobile networks), adaptive networks (cognitive radio networks, green autonomic networking), green terminals, and industrial research into green networking (smart city, etc.).
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  • Giving a basic overview of the technologies supporting cognitive radio this introductory-level text follows a logical approach, starting with the physical layer and concluding with applications and general issues. It provides a background to advances in the field of cognitive radios and a new exploration of how these radios can work together as a network. Cognitive Radio Networks starts with an introduction to the fundamentals of wireless communications, introducing technologies such as OFDM & MIMO. It moves onto cover software defined radio and explores and contrasts wireless, cooperative and cognitive networks and communications. Spectrum sensing, medium access control and network layer design are examined before the book concludes by covering the topics of trusted cognitive radio networks and spectrum management. Unique in providing a brief but clear tutorial and reference to cognitive radio networks this book is a single reference, written at the appropriate level for newcomers as well as providing an encompassing text for those with more knowledge of the subject. One of the first books to provide a systematic description of cognitive radio networks Provides pervasive background knowledge including both wireless communications and wireless networks Written by leading experts in the field Full network stack investigation
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  • This book provides guidance for regulatory measures which enable the introduction of cognitive radio in the near future. These measures should be globally harmonised in order to allow the same principles and rules to be used with cognitive radio systems (CRS) around the world. Regulatory measures rely on the capabilities of CRS to detect and monitor spectrum in order to avoid existing usage. Based on this information CRS may operate, however, it should not cause harmful interference to existing usage. Regulation should take into account these requirements of shared use. There are a number of questions related to regulatory measures for the introduction of cognitive radio systems. These questions require comprehensive studies and field tests to verify proper functionality. In 2007 the radio communication conference of ITU (WRC-07) approved an agenda item for the conference of 2012 where the regulatory measures to introduce software defined radio and cognitive radio should be studied. The introduction of the CRS relies heavily on the results of WRC-12.
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  • Cognitive Radio Communications has recently gained lot of attention for efficient spectrum utilization. The technology comes up with several challenges. Low power consuming terminals being the one challenge which needs efficient power amplification at the transmitters. Cognitive radio signals suffer from high peak to average power ratio problem which makes the power amplification process less efficient. In this book, the problem is analysed and solved in the context of Cognitive radio systems.
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  • Covers the state of the art of the technology and standards for reconfigurable radio systems, from self organizing networks and cognitive radio, through to reconfigurable architectures for networks and terminals This timely book provides a standards-based view of the development, evolution, techniques and potential future scenarios for the deployment of reconfigurable radio systems. After an introduction to radiomobile and radio systems deployed in the access network, the book describes cognitive radio concepts and capabilities, which are the basis for reconfigurable radio systems. The self-organizing network features introduced in 3GPP standards are discussed and before IEEE 802.22, the first standard based on cognitive radio, is described. Then the ETSI reconfigurable radio systems functional architecture and the IEEE 1900.4 standard for reconfigurable radio are examined. Finally, the author presents new scenarios and future visions that reconfigurable radio systems may bring. Key features:– Examines the current standards based on cognitive and reconfigurable radio, and analyses future scenarios Includes a general overview of radiomobile (i.e. GSM, UMTS, HSPA, LTE) and wireless (i.e. WLAN, WPAN, WiMAX) network architectures Features an accompanying website features links and white papers
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  • This book discusses in-depth the concept of distributed artificial intelligence (DAI) and its application to cognitive communications In this book, the authors present an overview of cognitive communications, encompassing both cognitive radio and cognitive networks, and also other application areas such as cognitive acoustics. The book also explains the specific rationale for the integration of different forms of distributed artificial intelligence into cognitive communications, something which is often neglected in many forms of technical contributions available today. Furthermore, the chapters are divided into four disciplines: wireless communications, distributed artificial intelligence, regulatory policy and economics and implementation. The book contains contributions from leading experts (academia and industry) in the field. Key Features: Covers the broader field of cognitive communications as a whole, addressing application to communication systems in general (e.g. cognitive acoustics and Distributed Artificial Intelligence (DAI) Illustrates how different DAI based techniques can be used to self-organise the radio spectrum Explores the regulatory, policy and economic issues of cognitive communications in the context of secondary spectrum access Discusses application and implementation of cognitive communications techniques in different application areas (e.g. Cognitive Femtocell Networks (CFN) Written by experts in the field from both academia and industry Cognitive Communications will be an invaluable guide for research community (PhD students, researchers) in the areas of wireless communications, and development engineers involved in the design and development of mobile, portable and fixed wireless systems., wireless network design engineer. Undergraduate and postgraduate students on elective courses in electronic engineering or computer science, and the research and engineering community will also find this book of interest.
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  • Covers the state of the art of the technology and standards for reconfigurable radio systems, from self organizing networks and cognitive radio, through to reconfigurable architectures for networks and terminals This timely book provides a standards-based view of the development, evolution, techniques and potential future scenarios for the deployment of reconfigurable radio systems. After an introduction to radiomobile and radio systems deployed in the access network, the book describes cognitive radio concepts and capabilities, which are the basis for reconfigurable radio systems. The self-organizing network features introduced in 3GPP standards are discussed and before IEEE 802.22, the first standard based on cognitive radio, is described. Then the ETSI reconfigurable radio systems functional architecture and the IEEE 1900.4 standard for reconfigurable radio are examined. Finally, the author presents new scenarios and future visions that reconfigurable radio systems may bring. Key features:– Examines the current standards based on cognitive and reconfigurable radio, and analyses future scenarios Includes a general overview of radiomobile (i.e. GSM, UMTS, HSPA, LTE) and wireless (i.e. WLAN, WPAN, WiMAX) network architectures Features an accompanying website features links and white papers
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  • This book studies the simulation of wireless networking in the domain of Intelligent Transportation Systems (ITS) involving aircraft, railway and vehicular communication. On this subject, particular focus is placed on effective communication channels, mobility modeling, multi-technology simulation and global ITS simulation frameworks. Networking Simulation for Intelligent Transportation Systems addresses the mixing of IEEE802.11p and LTE into a dedicated simulation environment as well as the links between ITS and IoT; aeronautical mobility and VHD Data Link (VDL) simulation; virtual co-simulation for railway communication and control-command; realistic channel simulation, mobility modeling and autonomic simulation for VANET and quality metrics for VANET. The authors intend for this book to be as useful as possible to the reader as they provide examples of methods and tools for running realistic and reliable simulations in the domain of communications for ITS.
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  • This book presents state-of-the-art research on architectures, algorithms, protocols and applications in pervasive computing and networks With the widespread availability of wireless and mobile networking technologies and the expected convergence of ubiquitous computing with these emerging technologies in the near future, pervasive computing and networking research and applications are among the hot topics on the agenda of researchers working on the next generation of mobile communications and networks. This book provides a comprehensive guide to selected topics, both ongoing and emerging, in pervasive computing and networking. It contains contributions from high profile researchers and is edited by leading experts in this field. The main topics covered in the book include pervasive computing and systems, pervasive networking security, and pervasive networking and communication. Key Features: Discusses existing and emerging communications and computing models, design architectures, mobile and pervasive wireless applications, technology and research challenges in pervasive computing systems, networking and communications Provides detailed discussions of key research challenges and open research issues in the field of autonomic computing and networking Offers information on existing experimental studies including case studies, implementation test-beds in industry and academia Includes a set of PowerPoint slides for each chapter for instructors adopting it as a textbook Pervasive Computing and Networking will be an ideal reference for practitioners and researchers working in the areas of communication networking and pervasive computing and networking. It also serves as an excellent textbook for graduate and senior undergraduate courses in computer science, computer engineering, electrical engineering, software engineering, and information engineering and science.
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  • What every electrical engineering student and technical professional needs to know about data exchange across networks While most electrical engineering students learn how the individual components that make up data communication technologies work, they rarely learn how the parts work together in complete data communication networks. In part, this is due to the fact that until now there have been no texts on data communication networking written for undergraduate electrical engineering students. Based on the author’s years of classroom experience, Fundamentals of Data Communication Networks fills that gap in the pedagogical literature, providing readers with a much-needed overview of all relevant aspects of data communication networking, addressed from the perspective of the various technologies involved. The demand for information exchange in networks continues to grow at a staggering rate, and that demand will continue to mount exponentially as the number of interconnected IoT-enabled devices grows to an expected twenty-six billion by the year 2020. Never has it been more urgent for engineering students to understand the fundamental science and technology behind data communication, and this book, the first of its kind, gives them that understanding. To achieve this goal, the book: Combines signal theory, data protocols, and wireless networking concepts into one text Explores the full range of issues that affect common processes such as media downloads and online games Addresses services for the network layer, the transport layer, and the application layer Investigates multiple access schemes and local area networks with coverage of services for the physical layer and the data link layer Describes mobile communication networks and critical issues in network security Includes problem sets in each chapter to test and fine-tune readers’ understanding Fundamentals of Data Communication Networks is a must-read for advanced undergraduates and graduate students in electrical and computer engineering. It is also a valuable working resource for researchers, electrical engineers, and technical professionals.
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  • The book in hand is the result of converting the idea of cognitive radio in satellite communications. A major part of the book has resulted from the outcome of the research done by author. This book covers many aspects of cognitive radio based satellite communications, specially issues related to spectrum sensing. This book starts with introduction of satellite communications and the role of cognitive radio for spectrum sensing in satellite communications. We introduce a framework to study the probability of error in sensing the spectrum. We also discuss cooperative spectrum sensing along with throughput and energy consumption in a cognitive radio based satellite network. The derived analytical results in this book will help in the study of performance of cognitive wireless systems, which have found useful applications in spectrum sensing in satellite communications. This book will be useful to academicians and researchers who want to explore the ideas of cognitive radios in satellite communications.
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  • Comprehensive coverage of IP/MPLS/Ethernet backhaul technologies and solutions for 3GPP mobile network systems such as LTE, HSPA and GPRS Focusing on backhaul from a radio network viewpoint, Mobile Backhaul combines perspectives on mobile networks and transport network technologies, focusing on mobile backhaul specific functionalities, which are essential in building modern cost efficient packet networks for mobile systems, IP, MPLS and Carrier Ethernet. The key functions required for this process, Synchronization, Resiliency, Quality of Service and Security, are also explained. The reader benefits from a view of networking technology from a radio network viewpoint, which is specific to this application, as well from a data centre and more IT-oriented perspective. The book bridges the gap between radio and backhaul viewpoints to provide a holistic understanding. Organized into two parts, the book gives an advanced introduction to the principles of the topic before moving on to more specialized areas. Part 1 gives a network level overview, with the purpose of presenting the mobile network application, its protocols, interfaces and characteristics for the backhaul. This section also presents the key packet networking technologies that are most relevant for the radio network. Part 2 offers selected case studies in Synchronization, Resiliency, QoS and Security and gives example solutions for mobile operator owned and leased mobile backhaul cases building on the network view given in Part 1. Both radio network experts and IP networking experts will benefit from the treatment of essential material at the borderline between the radio and backhaul technologies. Key features: Unique view and coverage of both the radio network and the packet mobile backhaul Includes a view into the economic motivation for a packet based mobile backhaul and discusses scenarios of a migration to the new technology Covers 2G, 3G, HSPA, HSPA+ and LTE in radio technologies as well as MWR, Sonet/SDH, Ethernet, Carrier Ethernet, MPLS and IP in networking technologies
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  • A complete introduction tocar-to-X communications networking Automotive Inter-networking will introduce a range of new network and system technologies for vehicle safety, entertainment and comfort systems currently being researched and developed. C2X networking is not only a matter of technology, but is also very closely related to policy-making about deployment. This book will provide the background on technical developments but will also discuss the potential benefits, costs and risks. Also discussed will be concepts related to application of vehicle-to-vehicle and vehicle-to-infrastructure communication technologies for various purposes such as automobile safety enhancement, vehicle user applications for comfort and convenience and efficiency along with other potential commercial applications. Application domains will build the starting point for an analysis of the requirements on suitable mobile network technology and the book will look at how well existing and new systems match these requirements. New automotive-specific technologies are presented in detail, explaining millimeter wave short range systems and special automotive network protocols. Specially designed system services and security mechanisms are introduced and system architecture, radio spectrum use, medium access control, network protocols and security concepts and considered. Finally, the book will present the current world-wide standardization activities, deployment strategies and an outlook about the evolvement of inter-vehicle communications in the next decades. Presents a comprehensive top-down approach to the newly evolving car-to-X communications networking Provides a broad overview of all relevant C2X communication topics Written by well known experts in the field Predicts the outlook of the evolvement of inter-vehicle communications in the next decades Includes illustrations and high-level technical sketches of application domains and photographs, 3D renderings and professional graphical sketches of current prototypes
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  • Radio Propagation and Adaptive Antennas for Wireless Communication Networks, 2nd Edition, presents a comprehensive overview of wireless communication system design, including the latest updates to considerations of over-the-terrain, atmospheric, and ionospheric communication channels. New features include the latest experimentally-verified stochastic approach, based on several multi-parametric models; all-new chapters on wireless network fundamentals, advanced technologies, and current and modern multiple access networks; and helpful problem sets at the conclusion of each chapter to enhance clarity. The volume’s emphasis remains on a thorough examination of the role of obstructions on the corresponding propagation phenomena that influence the transmission of radio signals through line-of-sight (LOS) and non-line-of-sight (NLOS) propagation conditions along the radio path between the transmitter and the receiver antennas—and how adaptive antennas, used at the link terminals, can be used to minimize the deleterious effects of such obstructions. With its focus on 3G, 4G, MIMO, and the latest wireless technologies, Radio Propagation and Adaptive Antennas for Wireless Communication Networks represents an invaluable resource to topics critical to the design of contemporary wireless communication systems. Explores novel wireless networks beyond 3G, and advanced 4G technologies, such as MIMO, via propagation phenomena and the fundamentals of adapted antenna usage. Explains how adaptive antennas can improve GoS and QoS for any wireless channel, with specific examples and applications in land, aircraft and satellite communications. Introduces new stochastic approach based on several multi-parametric models describing various terrestrial scenarios, which have been experimentally verified in different environmental conditions New chapters on fundamentals of wireless networks, cellular and non-cellular, multiple access networks, new applications of adaptive antennas for positioning, and localization of subscribers Includes the addition of problem sets at the end of chapters describing fundamental aspects of wireless communication and antennas.
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  • We are currently witnessing an increase in telecommunications norms and standards given the recent advances in this field. The increasing number of normalized standards paves the way for an increase in the range of services available for each consumer. Moreover, the majority of available radio frequencies have already been allocated. This explains the emergence of cognitive radio (CR) – the sharing of the spectrum between a primary user and a secondary user. In this book, we will present the state of the art of the different techniques for spectrum access using cooperation and competition to solve the problem of spectrum allocation and ensure better management of radio resources in a radio cognitive context. The different aspects of research explored up until now on the applications of multi-agent systems (MAS) in the field of cognitive radio are analyzed in this book. The first chapter begins with an insight into wireless networks and mobiles, with special focus on the IEEE 802.22 norm, which is a norm dedicated to CR. Chapter 2 goes into detail about CR, which is a technical field at the boundary between telecommunications and Artificial Intelligence (AI). In Chapter 3, the concept of the “agent” from AI is expanded to MAS and associated applications. Finally, Chapter 4 establishes an overview of the use of AI techniques, in particular MAS, for its allocation of radio resources and dynamic access to the spectrum in CR. Contents 1. Wireless and Mobile Networks. 2. Cognitive Radio. 3. Multi-agent Systems. 4. Dynamic Spectrum Access. About the Authors Badr Benmammar has been Associate Professor at UABT (University Abou Bekr Belkaïd Tlemcen), Algeria since 2010 and was a research fellow at CNRS LaBRI Laboratory of the University of Bordeaux 1 until 2007. He is currently carrying out research at the Laboratory of Telecommunications of Tlemcen (LTT), UABT, Algeria. His main research activities concern the cognitive radio network, Quality of Service on mobile and wireless networks, end-to-end signaling protocols and agent technology. His work on Quality of Service has led to many publications in journals and conference proceedings. Asma Amraoui is currently a PhD candidate; she is preparing a doctoral thesis on a topic of research that explores the use of artificial intelligence techniques in cognitive radio networks. She is attached to the Laboratory of Telecommunications of Tlemcen (LTT) in Algeria.
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